James Pattern I, Sub-pattern II


DIAMETER: 3.69 inches
GUN: 14-pounder James rifle, 3.8-inch caliber
LENGTH: 7 3/8 inches
WEIGHT: 9 pounds 14 ounces
SABOT: Lead ring covered with a tin sleeve (missing)
FUZING: James percussion, brass

This pictured specimen is an example of the James Pattern I, Sub-pattern II projectile. This sub-pattern is commonly called a tie-ring James due to the visible ring extending below the base of the projectile body. The visible small notches, located in the raised portion of the projectile's ribbed body, were developed in an attempt to improve the chances of the lead sabot remaining attached to the projectile body during firing.  To learn more about the inventor, Charles T. James, click here.