James Pattern II


DIAMETER: 3.75 inches
GUN: 14-pounder James rifle, 3.8-inch caliber
LENGTH: 7 3/4 inches
WEIGHT: 16 pounds 14 ounces
SABOT: Lead with a tin sleeve

This pattern was patented by Charles Tillinghast James and due to its patent date, June 10, 1862, patent #35,521, this projectile is classified as a James Pattern II projectile. The majority of these projectiles have been recovered from the 1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi. This James pattern has eight vertical flanges on the projectile body. The sabot is made of lead that has been cast-in between these flanges. The exterior of the sabot is covered with a thin tin sleeve and canvas to help prevent the lead from fouling the bore of the rifled cannon. The fired James Pattern II projectiles are often recovered with the lead sabot intact.