CivilWarArtillery.com

Tables of Shot Information
for Smoothbore Guns, Stands of Grape & Canister

Cannon Range Tables

Descriptions of solid shot for smoothbore guns

Caliber designation

Bore
Diameter in inches

Diameter of shot in inches

Weight in pounds (Shot)

Weight in pounds (Shell)

Mean weight in pounds (Case shot)

1-Pdr.   1.95 1    
3-Pdr. 2.9 2.84 3.05    
4-Pdr. 3.2 3.12 4.07    
6-Pdr. 3.67 3.58 6.1   3.22
9-Pdr. 4.20 4.10 9.14    
12-Pdr. 4.62 4.52 12.25 8.34 6.22
18-Pdr. 5.30 5.17 18.3 13.45 9.27
24-Pdr. 5.82 5.68 24.3 16.8 12.32
32-Pdr. 6.40 6.25 32.4 22.5 16.12
42-Pdr. 7.0 6.84 42.5 31.3 20.73
8-inch 8.0 7.88 65 44.12 (Mortar)
49.75 (Gun)
30.36
9-inch 9.0 8.87 88 70  
10-inch 10.0 9.87 127.5 88.42 (Mortar)
101.67 (Gun)
 
11-inch 11.0 10.87 165 132  
12-inch 12.0 11.87 222    
13-inch 13.0 12.87 282.84

197.3 (Mortar)
Model 1841

 
15-inch 15.0 14.85 400 (varies) 330 (varies)  

Descriptions of solid iron balls used in stands of grape

Caliber designation Allowable diameters in inches Mean weight in pounds
12-Pdr. 2.02-2.06 1.14
18-Pdr. 2.36-2.40 1.8
24-Pdr. 2.60-2.64 2.4
32-Pdr. 2.86-2.90 3.15
42-Pdr. 3.13-3.17 4.2
8-inch 3.54-3.60 6.1

Descriptions of solid iron balls used in canister

Caliber designation

Allowable diameters in inches

Mean weight in pounds

6-Pdr. Gun 1.14-1.17 .21
12-Pdr. Mountain Howitzer .69 lead musket balls  
12-Pdr. Field Howitzer 1.05-1.08 .16
12-Pdr. Gun 1.46-1.49 .43
18-Pdr. Gun 1.67-1.70 .64
24-Pdr. Gun 1.84-1.87 .86
24-Pdr. Howitzer 1.32-1.35 .32
32-Pdr. Gun 2.02-2.06 1.14
32-Pdr. Howitzer 1.46-1.49 .43
42-Pdr. Gun 2.22-2.26 1.5
8-inch Siege Howitzer 1.84-1.87 .86

Cannon Bore Diameters
Foreign and/or pre-1860 bore and projectile diameters
will vary from this table

Caliber designation

Bore diameters
in inches

Projectile diameter
in inches

3-Pdr. Gun 2.9 2.84
4-Pdr. Gun 3.2 3.12
6-Pdr. Gun 3.67 3.58
9-Pdr. Gun 4.20 4.10
12-Pdr. Gun 4.62 4.52
18-Pdr. Gun 5.3 5.17
24-Pdr. Gun 5.82 5.68
32-Pdr. Gun 6.40 6.25
42-Pdr. Gun 7.0 6.84

Summary of the Ammunition for Field and Mountain Service

 

Smooth-bore gun

Howitzer

Rifle-guns

Hotchkiss

12-pounder, bronze

12-pounder mountain-howitzer

3-inch iron

3.5-inch iron

Revolving cannon

Shell

Case

Shot

Canister

Shell

Case

Canister

Shell

Case

Canister

Shell

Case

Canister

Shell

Canister

                            grains grains
Charge of powder…….lbs 2 2.5 2.5 2 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 2.25 2.25 2.25 1850 1850
Height of charge……inches 3.75 4.75 4.75 3.75 2.25 2.25 2.25 5.75 5.75 5.75 7 7 7 3.5 3.5
Cartridge-bag….Length.." 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.2 10.42 10.42 10.42 9 9 9 11 11 11 4.724 4.724
Width…………………." 10 10 10 10 5 5 5 8.75 8.75 8.75 9.5 9.5 9.5 ….. …..
Diameter of bottom…...." 5.25 5.25 5.25 5.25 4 4 4 3.75 3.75 3.75 4.5 4.5 4.5 1.641 1.641
Whole height……………" 2.125 2.125 2.125 2.285 2.785 2.785 3.781 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 5 ….. …...
Height of cylinder………" ….. …… ….. 0.575 2 2 2.55 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Diameter of cylinder……" 4.45 4.45 4.45 4.45 4.4 4.4 4.4 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Diameter of top of cone…" ….. ….. ….. ….. 4.17 4.17 4.45 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Diameter of bottom of cone ….. ….. ….. ….. 3.175 3.175 3.23 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Strap…Length…" 7 7 13 ….. 7 7 7 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Width……………." 0.5 0.5 0.5 ….. 0.5 0.5 0.5 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Rings, diameter, exterior…………." 3.25 3.25 ….. ….. 3.25 3.25 3.25 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Weight of sabot……ounces 4.5 4.5 4.5 7.5 5.5 5.5 9.5 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
Weight of projectiles, strapped……….lbs 8.8 11.25 12.1 14.2 9.35 12.2 11.2 8.12 9.13 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …..
(Shell and case loaded.)                              
Canister….Length…inches ….. ….. ….. 14.35 ….. ….. 14.4 ….. ….. 8.0 ….. ….. 11 ….. …..
Height………….…..…" ….. ….. ….. 6.66 ….. ….. 4 ….. ….. 7 ….. ….. 8.5 ….. …..
Interior diameter….…." ….. ….. ….. 4.45 ….. ….. 4.47 ….. ….. 2.8 ….. ….. 3.2 ….. …..
Diameter of plates…...." ….. ….. ….. 4.38 ….. ….. 4.42 ….. ….. 2.8 ….. ….. 3.2 ….. …..
Thickness of top plate.." ….. ….. ….. 0.116 ….. ….. 0.1 ….. ….. 0.125 ….. ….. 0.125 ….. …..
Thickness of bottom plate….…" ….. ….. ….. 0.125 ….. ….. 0.125 ….. ….. 0.125 ….. ….. 0.125 ….. …..
Number of Shot…." ….. ….. ….. 27 ….. ….. 148 ….. ….. 154 ….. ….. ...... ….. …..
Weight…………..lbs ….. ….. ….. 14.2 ….. ….. 14.2 ….. ….. 10.75 ….. ….. 17 ….. …..
Fixed Ammunition….Whole length……………..inches 9.5 10.3 10.7 12.12 8.17 8.17 9.4 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 8.15 8.15
Weight………….lbs 11 13 15.3 16.44 9.9 12.6 11.8 ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 1 lb

10 oz

1 lb

9.4 oz

Packing box……Interior diameter.…Length...inch 17.5 17.5 17.5 18.37 27.5 27.5 27.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 11 11 11 ….. …..
Width…...." 9.75 9.62 10.5 12.5 9.25 9.25 9.25 12.5 12.5 12.5 11 11 11 ….. …..
Height.….." 9.25 9.25 9.5 9.5 8.5 8.5 9.5 8 8 7.5 9 9 8 ….. …..
Weight, packed……lbs 106 122 140 156.5 154 184 175 161 184 175 160 180 198 ….. …..
Number of rounds…… 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 12 12 12 9 9 9 ….. …..
Number of primers….. 10 10 10 10 18 18 18 18 18 18 14 14 14 ….. …..
Color……………… black red olive drab black red drab black red drab black red drab ….. …..

United States Ordnance Manual 1861 (printed in 1862)

1861 Ordnance Manual (printed in 1862)